The compact disc is a great example of an item which has gone through the product life cycle, while it is no longer a household product, the entertainment industry as a whole has gone from products such as 8 tracks, records, cassette tapes, compact discs, to now digital downloads. The discussion also includes analysis of the product life cycle with stir casting as a case study the historical review analysis revealed that gradual development of material and processing technique have lead to a lighter weight, lower cost, and higher performance brake rotor as a result of the better understanding of the mechanics of metal. What is the best life cycle assessment (lca) software besides the tools that have already been mentioned, if you want to perform a life-cycle assessment of buildings or infrastructure. Product life cycle of cassette tapes first by compact discs and then by mp3s the lifecycle of tapes is such short life spans may appear frustrating.
The report review of the life cycle energy consumption of incandescent, compact fluorescent, and led lamps is the first installment of a larger us department of energy (doe) project to assess the life-cycle environmental and resource costs in the manufacturing, transport, use, and. This file is a short reading passage about the life cycle of a plant, complete with graphics of a seed going through the steps in the life cycle there is a short five question true or false quiz at the bottom of the passage. Abstract:this poster depicts the life cycle of a cd or dvd from obtaining raw materials through manufacture, packaging, distribution, useful life, and disposalit explains the importance of life cycle management and encourages reuse and recycling.
The impact to the environment brought by producing cds is already obvious and prominent, at both energy consumption perspective and wastes producing. Life cycle management sustainability shouldn't have an expiration date life cycle management is a formal part of our product introduction process worldwide. The life cycle assessment analyses the effects of a product on the in the life cycle, but if the drawbacks are more than compensated for in brake discs. This project used accelerated aging techniques and statistical analysis to estimate the life expectancy (le) of currently available recordable dvd and cd media the researchers at nist based the study on the iso 189271 test method for cd-r discs, making modifications to the stress conditions and the exposure intervals to accommodate shorter. Here we trace the life cycle of a plastic bag have travelled 8,000 miles then they are driven to distribution centres and on to stores unlike paper bags, they are compact and lightweight.
A life cycle assessment study of life cycle assessment (lca) studies calculate the relevant inventory analysis desktop computer production, china use desktop pc. Process as well as all the necessary on-site services through the entire product life cycle magnetic track brake brake disc light rail vehicles compact units. A life cycle wide study on the environmental burden of the compact disc chain concluded that the largest environmental burden is caused in the production phase42 (1997) 2. Life cycle analysis of the optical disc industry market innovation and development the last three decades are divided into four stages including compact disc. Life cycle analysis of the optical disc industry market innovation and development compact discs (cd) and digital versatile disc (dvd) sales reached record highs.
Life cycle assessment of voc emissions for compact discs vickie durrah, ret fellow 2006 parkman elementary school ret mentor: tom theis, director institute of environmental policy and concern. Facts/general information compact discs (cds) and their faster cousin, digital video discs (dvds) are everywhere follow the life cycle of a cd or dvd on this. The product life cycle (plc) is based upon the biological life cycle for example, a seed is planted (introduction) it begins to sprout (growth) it shoots out leaves and puts down roots as it becomes an adult (maturity) after a long period as an adult the plant begins to shrink and die out (decline. Product life cycle of compact diskintroduction compact disc technology is one of the fastest growing industries of all time compact discs became.
Cycle assessment the life cycle assessments for conducting the life cycle assessment of light sources rapidly and in a transparent, comparative way the models. This article discusses what is product life cycle (plc), what are the main aspects of plc, how to use plc analysis and where to find information for plc analysis. Life cycle assessment of illuminants life cycle assessment of illuminants a comparison of light bulbs, compact fluorescent lamps and led lamps.
Product life cycle of compact disk from the production of one disc to another to accommodate the vast number of artists, albums, and rapid and increased variation of the consumer's taste the other major concern is cost. Life cycle assessment is an analytical approach that helps to calculate the harmfulness of the whole production process for environment and human life specific. Compact discs (cds) and their faster cousin, digital video discs (dvds) are everywhere follow the life cycle of a cd or dvd on this poster to learn more about. Video: product life cycles: development, design and beyond have you ever considered that products, like humans, have a life cycle you will learn about product life cycles and how they are.
The first stage of a life cycle analysis is called an inventory analysis in an inventory analysis, the goal is to examine all the inputs and outputs in a product's life cycle, beginning with what product is composed of, where those materials came from, where they go, and the inputs and outputs related to those component materials. Life cycle analysis of the optical disc industry market innovation and development compact discs (cd) and digital versatile disc (dvd) sales reached record highs in 2004 and 2006 respectively.